What are the major causes of hair loss?
Different types of hair loss may have different causes. Common causes of hair loss include:
- The most common cause of hair loss is genetics. You inherit the tendency to lose hair from either or both of your parents. This is called male-pattern hair loss or female-pattern hair loss. The medical term for this type of hair loss is androgenic alopecia. In this type of hair loss, your genes affects how your hair growth. They trigger a sensitivity to a class of hormones called androgen, Including testosterone, which causes hair follicles to shrink.
- As you age, your hair tends to break more easily, and hair follicles do not grow as much hair.
- Mental stress or physical stress such as recent surgery, illness or high fever. You may have a lot of hair loss 1 to 3 months after severe physical or emotional stress. Your hair usually will grow back within a few months.
- Hair styling and products. Pulling your hair back to tightly or wearing tight braids or ponytails can cause hair loss. You may loss hair around the edge of the hairline, especially around the face and forehead. Using curling irons or dying your hair a lot can also result in hair loss. Hair usually grows back when you stop doing these things.
- Ringworm of the scalp, which is common in children.
- Poor nutrition, especially lack of protein or iron in the diet. Hair returns after you change your diet to get enough of these nutrients.
- Thyroid disease, including hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
- Alopecia areata, an autoimmune disease in which your immune system attacks hair follicles, resulting in round hairless patches on any area of the scalp or body. Severe cases involve many bald patches of hair or complete loss of hair on the scalp or body, although in some cases there is hair thinning without distinct patches or baldness. The hair loss usually is not permanent. Hair grows back within 1 year for many people.
- Diseases, such as lupus, syphilis or cancer. Hair may grow back on its own. In some cases, treatment may help.
- Side effects of medicines or medical treatments, such as blood thinners (anticoagulants) or chemotherapy. Hair usually grow back after you stop using the medicines or when the treatment is over.
- Trichotillomania, a compulsive behavior in which a person pulls out hair of the scalp, eyelashes or eyebrows. There is usually mounting tension before pulling and a feeling of relief afterward. Trichotillomania often results in noticeable hair loss.
- Changes in hormone levels. Childbirth, taking birth control pills, or change in a women’s menstrual cycle can affect the hair growth which can cause hair loss. In this condition hair usually will grow back.
What is hair transplantation?
Hair transplantation is a procedure in which permanent hair from back of the scalp are transferred to the bald/thinning area. After transfer, these hair grows like natural hair.
What are the methods of hair transplantation?
Now a days two methods are in practice for hair transplantation.
- FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation)
- FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction)
What is FUT and how is it done?
FUT is a technique in which grafts are taken from back of scalp in the form of a strip. These grafts are then transplanted in patient’s bald/thinning area.
Who is suitable for FUT?
Patients requiring more than 2 sessions, less concerned with donor area scar and can tolerate a little discomfort after surgery for a couple of days are suitable for FUT hair transplant.
What is FUE and how is it done?
FUE stands for Follicle Unit Extraction, in this method of hair transplant, grafts are extracted one by one and no cut is required to extract the grafts. A small punch is attached to machine which rotates and is used to extract follicles individually. Those one by one extracted grafts are then transplanted to patient’s thinning/balding area.
Who is suitable for FUE?
Patients who does not want a scar at the back of their head, care less about density or have minimum bald area to cover can benefit from FUE.
What is PRP and how it is done?
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is treated for ongoing hair loss in which platelet cells from blood drown from patients are separated and injected back into area of their hair loss. These high concentration of platelets cells release growth factors which cause strengthening of hair and prevents further hair loss.
Who is best candidate for PRP?
Patients with ongoing hair loss who want to delay hair loss and patients with weak and damaged hair are candidates for PRP.
Is PRP a permanent solution for hair loss?
In some patients PRP can be a permanent solution depending on the cause of hair loss. In male patient baldness usually its not permanent solution.
Do I have enough donor hair?
Donor hair can be estimated on examination of the donor area of individual patient. Feel free to visit us for a free consultation.
Which procedure will be suitable for me?
Choice of procedure is decided on the basis of patient’s bald area, graft requirement, donor area, patient expectations of density. Those patients who wants maximum density are willing to undergo more then two sessions should opt for FUT at first session, as in this way donor are will be reserved for further procedures.
How long does the procedure take?
FUT takes up to 7 hours on average to complete.
FUE takes up to 9 hours on average to complete.
When can I return to work after hair transplant?
Hair transplant is a minor procedure done under local anesthesia and patient can return to work on the very next day of the surgery if he wants.
How much time does hair take to grow back?
Hair usually starts to appear after two months of the surgery. Growth is completed at 9-12 months. Hair thickness increases when hair become more dense in appearance.